Penarlag C.P. School

Learning, sharing and growing together

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The curriculum


The curriculum is all the planned activities that we organise in order to promote learning and personal growth and development. It includes:

· The National Curriculum

· A range of extra curricular activities organised to enrich the experience of    

     the children

The ‘hidden curriculum’ or what the children learn from the way they are treated and      

expected to behave


We aim to teach children to grow into positive, responsible people who can work and  co-operate with others while developing knowledge and skills, so that they can achieve their potential.


Our school curriculum is underpinned by our school vision and mission



The curriculum is enhanced by day and residential trips. All pupils attend day trips and each Junior class participates in a residential trip, ranging from one night for Year 3 children to four nights for Year 6 children. No charge will be made for   education provided during set school hours; however when necessary parents will be asked to make a voluntary contribution towards the cost of an activity – if sufficient funds are not forthcoming then the activity may be cancelled.


Payment cards are available to allow for weekly payments towards the cost of

residential trips.


The Curriculum Areas


The curriculum for Foundation Phase (Nursery to Year 2):

Personal and Social Development, Well being and Cultural Diversity

Language, Literacy and Communication skills

Mathematical Development

Welsh Language Development

Knowledge and Understanding of the World ( including Science, Design and Technology,  History and Geography)

Physical Development

Creative Development ( including dance, art and music)

Religious education



 The National Curriculum for Key Stage 2 (Year 3 to Year 6)





Design and Technology

Information and communication technology



Art and Design


Physical Education

Religious Education

Sex Education

Personal and Social Education




Literacy and Numeracy Framework

All pupils follow the Welsh Government Literacy and Numeracy Framework. This ensures they use and develop their literacy and numeracy skills in all curriculum subjects.




The teaching of English is through the attainment targets of oracy, reading and writing and their programmes of study. We aim to help children speak confidently and to express their thoughts clearly. They are encouraged to listen carefully and use their skills to understand what is being said.

 Great emphasis is placed on reading. The task of beginning to read begins in Early Years and is developed throughout the Foundation Phase and Key Stage 2. Storyworld is our main scheme used in the Foundation Phase. In Year 3, when appropriate children’s reading is developed through the use of the Rigby Navigator scheme. We rely on parents becoming actively involved in their child’s reading. We aim to give the children access to a range of good literature and encourage a responsive and independent reading habit. The children have access to the school and class libraries for fiction and nonfiction books.

 Since the introduction of a more skills based curriculum English features across all areas of the curriculum. Children develop communication skills when planning, organising and      presenting work in a variety of contexts. We also wish to develop legible handwriting and good spelling skills, vocabulary and   punctuation.



During the Foundation Phase children develop their skills knowledge and understanding of mathematics through oral, practical and play activities. They use and apply  mathematics in practical tasks and use a variety of ICT resources. Much of their work will be oral. They develop their use and understanding of mathematical language in context and develop a range of flexible methods for working mentally with number and move on to using more formal methods of working when they are developmentally ready. They work both in the indoor and outdoor environment.

At Key stage 2 they build on the skills, knowledge and understanding they have already required. They continue to develop positive attitudes towards mathematics and extend their mathematical thinking, their use of the number system and use written methods of calculation appropriate to their level of understanding. They explore shape, measure and the interpretation of data. They select, discuss, explain and present their methods and reasoning using an increasing range of mathematical language, diagrams and charts.



Knowledge and Understanding of the World (embracing Science) in the Foundation Phase:

Children experience the familiar world through enquiry, investigating the indoor and  outdoor environment in a safe and systematic way. They are given experiences that help them to increase their curiosity about the world around them and begin to understand people, places and living things. They learn by   exploration, enquiry, experimentation, asking questions and trying to find answers. They learn to demonstrate care,   responsibility, concern and respect for living things and the environment. They learn to express their ideas, opinions and feelings with an increasing range of appropriate  vocabulary.  The children’s skills are developed through participation in experiential learning activities and through using sources such as stories, photographs, maps, models and ICT.



 Science at Key Stage 2:

At Key Stage 2 children build on their skills through the range of Interdependence of  Organisms,   The Sustainable Earth and How Things Work. They are taught to relate their   scientific skills, knowledge and understanding to applications of science in everyday life including current issues.  They are taught to recognise that scientific ideas can be evaluated by means of information gathered from observations and measurements. Teaching  encourages the children to manage their own learning and thinking strategies appropriate to their maturity. Activities foster curiosity and creativity and are relevant and challenge the learner. They should enable the children to initiate, explore and share ideas, extend, refine and  apply their skills   knowledge and understanding in new situations. They should have time for thinking, peer discussion and reflection.



The emphasis throughout the school is on developing practical, basic language patterns for everyday use. The daily Helpwr Heddiw session greatly enhances this. Throughout the school day the children hear and use Welsh constantly. The more confident children  become when speaking Welsh, the more competent they become when reading and writing. The application of Cwricwlwm Cymraeg across the curriculum is important in  giving pupils the opportunity to develop knowledge of cultural, economic, environmental, historical and linguistic characteristics of Wales in the modern world.



In the Foundation Phase the subject of History is taught through Knowledge and Understanding of the World and takes on a topic approach. Children are taught basic  history skills through stories and practical activities.

In Key Stage 2 history is also taught through a topic based approach with an emphasis on the children further developing their history skills within the  areas of chronological  awareness, historical knowledge and understanding, interpretations of history, historical enquiry and organisation and  communication. Wherever possible work is based on the  

local community and visits.




In the Foundation Phase the content of Geography is covered within Knowledge and Understanding of the World and takes on a topic approach. Children are taught basic  Geography skills through a story and practical activities.

In Key Stage 2 Geography is also taught through topics with an emphasis on the children further developing their skills through locating places, environments and patterns,  understanding places, environments and processes, investigating and communicating. Wherever possible work is based on the local community and visits.



Design and Technology:

This curriculum area is about practical problem solving and we aim to develop the  children’s abilities to design and make things using their knowledge and present understanding. They are encouraged to identify needs, generate ideas, make and test to find solutions. In the Foundation Phase this may be found in a story or topic. In Key Stage 2 we encourage independent responses to the solution of problems.



Information and communication technology:

This is applicable to all areas of the curriculum and is concerned with the confident and relevant use of equipment and software to  enable pupils to communicate, handle information, support problem solving, recording and expressive work. We are fortunate in the number and variety of computers we have in the school, including interactive  whiteboards.

The school subscribes to ‘PurpleMash’ which is a website with a range of programs for children to use in school and out home to ensure all age relevant ICT skills are taught.


When your child starts school a consent form will be sent home for your consent for your child to:

· use the Internet in school

· have their photograph taken for use in school and on the school website

· have their photograph taken for local newspaper

· be videoed for use in school





We encourage our children to be music makers as well as listeners with a variety of  opportunities offered in the scheme that we follow. It allows us to provide a common structure and a developmental approach. All pupils are given the opportunity to perform in our class and school concerts varying from vocal and instrumental performances. The county peripatetic service currently offer school tuition in a range of instruments. Parents are required to pay towards this.



Art and Design:

In the Foundation Phase art is part of creative development. At various times children are offered opportunities to express themselves through a number of media. The influence of a number of artists is investigated and their pictures used as a stimulus for the children to reproduce style and technique. Art and design is linked to topic work across all age ranges.

The school participates in county art exhibitions where art work is displayed in Theatre Clwyd.


Sex and relationship Education:


From Early Years to Year 3, these sessions are integrated and taught as part of the  curriculum. These sessions focus on the building of self-esteem by encouraging learners to, value themselves, recognise and communicate their feelings, forming friendships and  relationships and the importance of staying healthy. These are taught by the class teacher.


From year 4 upwards the lessons are held by Miss Walford, our Personal and Social         

Education co-ordinator. Before these sessions, parents are invited to discuss the content and share resources. The series of programmes are available for parents to view before the pupils see them at school. We feel that the support of parents compliment the programme. Sessions are age appropriate and by the end of Year 6 children will understand the reasons for the physical and emotional changes that take place at puberty, including, pregnancy, birth, the range of their own and others’ feelings and emotions, the importance of personal safety and what to do or to whom to go when feeling unsafe.


Parents may withdraw their children from these sessions if they wish to do so.



Personal and Social Education:

The inclusion of Personal and Social Education into our curriculum will serve to:

· encourage positive attitudes to relationships, society and the environment

· promote better health

· develop pupils self esteem and sense of responsibility

include all pupils to take an active and responsible part in society



Physical Education:

We aim to provide a balanced programme to meet the needs of the children within the constraints of time and facilities. Throughout the primary range children will be given the opportunities to develop skills, practice and participate in dance, gymnastics and games. Older children will also participate in swimming, athletics and outdoor adventurous activities.

All Key Stage 2 pupils attend residential trips. Year 3 visit York for one night, Year 4 visit the Conwy Centre, Anglesey for two nights. Year 5 and Year 6 children visit Plas Caerdeon for four nights and Cardiff for two nights.


For details about the curriculum for each year group please visit the class pages in the pupils section.



  • Penarlag C.P. School,
  • Carlines Avenue, Ewloe,
  • Flintshire Wales. CH5 3RQ
  • tel: 012445 33867
  • email: